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John Freeland

The Aral Sea is a closed basin and very different hydrologically compared to the Great Lakes. The Aral Sea's climate is also more arid, so it is not a very good system to compare to Lake Michigan.

Peter Maier

Since nitrogenous waste (urine and protein) in sewage is not required to be treated under the CWA, most NPDES permits do not require any limits on nitrogenous waste in the treaded sewage and many facilities do not test for this pollution. This pollution, or as it is now called a nutrient, is a fertilizer for algae. If treated sewage is considered replacement water, it should be properly tested, so everybody knows what is in this treated sewage.

Steve Edlund, Waukesha, WI

Wisconsin's DNR is now at odds with Waukesha??? The DNR never claimed nor issued a Declaration of Findings that Waukesha's current source of water (over 80%) the deep sandstone aquifer is "unsustainable". They did look at one of Waukesha's selective proposed alternative sources, increased dependence on the shallow aquifer, and reviewed a USGS report to determine it would not be sustainable. But they never reviewed any report and issued a Declaration of Findings on the deep aquifer, which also serves adjacent cities which are fully Radium compliant and have never claimed the deep aquifer is "unstainable"

The DNR said in it's study of the application that Waukesha is without a potable source of water because it currently does not have Radium filtration on some of it's deep aquifer wells. But if Waukesha did install Radium filters on wells 5,6,7&9 (as required by Wisconsin law and the EPA) they not only would have a well configuration that meets the average daily demand and peak demand, but would also satisfy the court order and stipulation agreement Waukesha which was sued for non-compliance.

Salts in the water at far lower depths than waukesha will ever need for water?? Wisconsin's DNR dismissed that theory in the application review submission.

Ohio's AG needs to take a close look at the compact requirement that a straddling community be without a potable source of water and the WDNR's reasoning, then review the court order and stipulation agreement case# Waukesha 2009 cx000004. Add 4 radium filters to Waukesha's current well configuration on wells 5,6,7&9 and this Application is baseless.

As monitored by the USGS, Waukesha's deep aquifer increases over 100 feet in the past 15 years. The readings made the WDNR force Waukesha to revise it's 2012 version of the application claiming the deep aquifer was dropping 5' to 9' per year. Clearly, the recharge rates are exceeding the withdrawal rates.


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"Heaven is under our feet as well as over our heads."
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Every pollution battle ultimately comes down to mankind's desire to better itself while protecting its sense of home. In this blog, Blade Staff Writer Tom Henry looks at how Great Lakes energy-environmental issues have a ripple effect on our public health, our natural resources, our economy, our psychological well-being, and our homespun pride.

About Tom Henry

Tom Henry is an award-winning journalist who has covered primarily energy and environmental issues the past two decades. He is a member of the national Society of Environmental Journalists, one of North America's largest journalism groups.

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